Stonehenge

Last week my beloved jumped across the pond to attend an academy at Oxford University without me, shame… shame.  He got to do a bit of sight seeing while he was there, so my next few posts will chronicle his adventures in England. His first stop after stepping off the plane was to rent a car and drive to Stonehenge.

Important note: Not sleeping all night and driving on the wrong side of the car and the wrong side of the road help keep the adventure exciting.

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Unknown fact: Stonehenge was created by aliens. See photo below.

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The sheep know this to be true. They are really aliens but hide themselves by day as sheep.

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Just kidding!

Stonehenge has been a place of myth, legend and most recently academic research. Stonehenge dates back to 3100 BC and is located in Wiltshire, UK. Stonehenge is not the only ancient site in this area. About 25 miles north is Avebury. Avebury was more of a site dedicated to birth, life and death, where Stonehenge was dedicated to Astronomy.

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Other evidence points to Stonehenge being a burial ground from its earliest days as cremated human remains have been found on the site.

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Below is the Heel Stone, also called the “Friar’s Heel” or “Sun-Stone.”  It is called this because when facing north-east through the entrance towards the heel stone, one sees the sun rise above the stone at summer solstice.

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But of course there is also a folk tale about the Heel Stone.

“The Devil bought the stones from a woman in Ireland, wrapped them up, and brought them to Salisbury plain. One of the stones fell into the Avon (the river Avon), the rest were carried to the plain. The Devil then cried out, “No-one will ever find out how these stones came here!” A friar replied, “That’s what you think!,” whereupon the Devil threw one of the stones at him and struck him on the heel. The stone stuck in the ground and is still there.”

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There are many other theories, about Stonehenge, but one cannot deny the beauty of the rolling hills surrounding the monument.

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So, who built Stonehenge? It is believed that the native inhabitants of Britain were the builders of Stonehenge. They were animal herders who maintained small scale agriculture, skilled flint-workers and used pottery known as Grooved Ware who obviously had  dedicated cosmological beliefs.

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What was Stonehenge for? A place for ceremonies, a burial site, and an astrological site. Many other theories abound such as a place of Druid worship, an astronomical computer, a centre of ancestor worship, or as a cult place of healing.

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Over 900,000 people visit Stonehenge a year and it is truly a site to see and wonder at.

For more information about Stonehenge, click here.

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